Tuesday, April 27, 2010
Semarang State University (UNNES) is a high educational institute which is held by the National Education Department for conducting academic and professional education in a number of sciences, technology, sport, art and culture.
UNNES has been founded since 1965 in Semarang, the old city which is the capital city of Central Java Province. Having eight faculties and one post graduate program, UNNES now has more than 23.000 students who are taking Diploma degree,Undergraduate and Postgraduate.
The history of the development of Semarang State University which was known before as IKIP Semarang had been started by the existence of the various education institutions for teachers after senior high schools. Those education institutions for teachers were: Middelbaar Onderwijzer A Cursus (MO-A) dan Middelbaar Onderwijzer B Cursus (MO-B). Both of them were the education institutions which were prepared by the Dutch Colonial government and intended to prepare the teachers for junior high schools and senior high schools. MO-A dan MO-B Cursus were held in Semarang until 1950. With the Government Regulation No. 41/1950, MO-A Cursus became B-I Course and MO-B Cursus became B-II Course which were held until 1960.
Then, the development of UNNES can be seen from the following stages:
1. Period 1960-1963: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education (FKIP) and Sports College (STO). (STO)
On 1 January 1961, with the Decree of General Secretary of Education, Teaching and Culture Department No. 108487/S on 27 December 1960, both B-I and B-II Courses were integrated into Diponegoro University and became the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education (FKIP). In1963, Physical Education Department which at that time was the part of B-II Course was separated from it and became Sports College (STO) which established independently under Sports Department. This change was based on the Decree of Minister of Sports No.23 in 1963 on 19 April 1963.
2. Period 1963-1965: There was Institute of Teacher Training and Education (IKIP) Yogyakarta for its affiliate in Semarang.
Meanwhile the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education (FKIP) of Diponegoro University held programs in the structure of the department of High Institute and Science (PTIP). In 1962 the Minister of Basic Education and Teaching (PD&K) also founded the new education institution for teachers namely Institute of Teacher Education (IPG) which had the same function and goal as FKIP. In order to avoid dualism in teacher education at the level of higher education, the President of RI implementing the Decree No. 1/1963 on 3 January 1963, united FKIP and IPG into IKIP which was equal to other universities in the range of the Department of PTIP. Based on this decree, the Minister of PTIP established IKIP through the Decree of Minister of PTIP No. 55 in 1963 on 22 May 1963. For the follow-up there was the Decree of both the Minister of PTIP and the Minister of PD&K No. 32 in 1964, on 4 May 1964 about the unity of FKIP and IPG in Jakarta, Bandung, Malang and Yogyakarta into IKIP. With the existence of the unity between FKIP and IPG into IKIP, for the time being FKIP Undip and FKIP Undip for its affiliate in Surakarta were assumed not to be able to establish independently. Therefore, there was the Decree of the Minister of PTIP No. 35 in1964 on 4 May 1964 which stated: FKIP Undip became IKIP Yogyakarta for its affiliate in Semarang and FKIP Undip for its affiliate in Surakarta became IKIP Yogyakarta for its affiliate in Surakarta.
3. Periode 1965-1999: IKIP Semarang
IKIP Yogyakarta for its affiliate in Semarang developed rapidly. In order to better develop in the future, the Minister of PTIP issued the Decree of the Minister PTIP No. 40 in 1965 on 8 March 1965 while waiting for the related Presidential Decree. The Decree of the Minister PTIP stated that IKIP Yogyakarta for its affiliate in Semarang became IKIP Semarang with the Faculty of Education, Faculty of Teacher Training of Literature and Art, and Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Teacher Training of Exact Science, and Faculty of Teacher Training of Engineering. Then the founding of IKIP Semarang was emphasized by the Decree of the President No. 271 in 1965 on 14 September 1965.
Through the Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture No. 042/O/77 on 22 February 1977, the program of sports teacher education returned to the former program but it was in a new program known as the Faculty of Teacher Training of Sport (FKIK).
Based on the Decree of the President No. 52/1982, IKIP Semarang had six faculties, they were: Faculty of Education, Faculty of Languages and Arts, Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Faculty of Technology and Vocation, and Faculty of Sport and Health.
By the issuing of the Decree of the President Number 124 of 1999 about the conversion of Teachers Training Institutes of Semarang, Bandung, and Medan into university, Teachers Training Institute of Semarang changed to Semarang State University or Unnes. Based on The Decree of Minister of Education and Culture No. 278/O/1999 about organization and Administration of Unnes and No. 255/O/2000 about Unnes' status, the names of faculties at Unnes are: Faculty of Education, Faculty of Languages and Arts, Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Sport, and Post-Graduate Programs. Based on the approval letter of General Directorate of High Education No. 1850/D/T/2006. dated June 6th 2006 and the Decree of Unnes Rector number 59/O/2006 dated June 8th 2006, Faculty of Economics (Private Funding) was officially opened on June 29, 2006 by Rector of Unnes. Based on the approval letter of General Directorate of High Education No. …/D/T/2007, dated…;therefore, Faculty of Laws was founded and officially opened by Rector of Unnes on December 14, 2007. By the founding of the two faculties, Unnes has now been managing eight faculties and one post-graduate program.
Source : http://www.unnes.ac.id
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