Saturday, October 8, 2011

Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

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Education University of Indonesia was established on October 20, 1954 in Bandung, was inaugurated by the Minister of Education Teaching Mr. Muhammad Yamin. Originally called the College of Teacher Education (PTPG), was established with the growth of the nation's historical background, are aware that efforts to educate the nation and an important part in the independence. Some of the reason for the founding PTPG among others: First, after Indonesia achieved independence, the Indonesian people are very hungry for education. Secondly, the need for qualified teachers prepared and university level to improve the quality of education that will pioneer the establishment of a prosperous society.

UPI main building debris originated from a villa called Villa Isola, a former building relics of the pre-World War II. (In the struggle against the occupiers, the building was once used as headquarters of the freedom fighters). Debris was rebuilt and later transformed into a building called Earth Siliwangi magnificent architectural style of the original.

This is where for the first time the youth got gemblengan teacher education at university level, as the realization of the Decree of the Minister of Education, Teaching and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia (No. 35 742 dated 1 September 1954 regarding the establishment PTPG / Higher Education Teachers).

At first PTPG headed by a Dean who oversees several departments or centers, namely:

    Science Education
    Physical Education Studies;
    Indonesia Language and Literature;
    English Language and Literature;
    Cultural History;
    Nature certainly;
    Economics and Law of the State; and
    Education Research Center.

In line with the Decree of the Minister of Education, Teaching and Culture No.. 40 718 / S at the time, which states that PTPG can sustain itself into the college or colleges within the university, then as the founding of the University of Padjadjaran (ubuntu), on 25 November 1958 PTPG be integrated into primary school by the name of Padjadjaran University Faculty of Teacher Training and Science Education (Guidance and Counseling).

To strengthen the procurement system of teachers and education personnel, a variety of courses that exist at the time, namely teacher education BI and B II, integrated into the Guidance and Counseling through the Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture No. 6 of 1961. Further Guidance and Counseling Guidance and Counseling developed into A and B. FKIP At the same time, the stand also the Institute of Teacher Education (IPG), which resulted in a dualism in teacher education institutions. To eliminate such dualism, on May 1, 1963 issued Presidential Decree No. 1 of 1963, which merged into FKIP and IPG Institute of Teacher Training and Education (Teachers' Training College) as the only university-level teacher education institutions. Guidance and Counseling A / B and IPG FKIP in Bandung eventually became the Institute of Teacher Training and Education Bandung (Bandung IKIP).

IKIP Bandung at that time had had five faculties, namely Faculty of Education, Teacher Training Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Art Teacher Training, Teacher Training Faculty of the exact sciences, and the Teacher Training Faculty of Engineering Sciences. The need for teachers increasingly urgent, as well as the growing desire to improve and equalize the ability of the teachers. This encourages IKIP Bandung open extension, between the years 1967 1970 Bandung IKIP extension opened in almost all districts in West Java.

Role IKIP Bandung increasingly prominent at the national level, after the government determined that IKIP Bandung became IKIP coach entrusted with the task of fostering some IKIP outside Java, Bandung Branch IKIP namely Banda Aceh, Palembang, Palangkaraya, and Banjarmasin. In accordance with the policy of the Department of P and K, in the early 1970s, the gradual extension of the Training College was closed and branches in the area became faculty at the university in each region.

To improve the quality of teaching staff, in 1970 IKIP Bandung open the program through the establishment of the Institute of Post Doctoral Post Doctoral Education (LPPD) which manages the PPS Program S2 and S3. In 1976 LPPD renamed the Graduate School, in 1981 turned into the Graduate School and in 1991 became the Graduate School (PPS).

Structuring higher education programs conducted by the government to implement a multiprogram and multistrata, followed by opening IKIP Bandung Education Diploma Program. To improve the qualifications of primary school teachers to be graduates of D II, the academic year 1990 / 1991, held Teacher Education Program D II Elementary School. In addition to Earth Siliwangi held at Campus program is also held in the Program Implementation Unit (UPP) in some schools the former SPG diintregarasikan to IKIP. To improve teacher qualifications kindergarten or play group in 1996/1997 IKIP Bandung open PGTK II D program.

Along with government policy on higher education which provides the mandate extension for the Institute of Education Personnel (LPTKs) to be able to follow the changing demands and to anticipate all possibilities in the future, IKIP Bandung Indonesia University of Education was changed to the Presidential Decree No. 124 of 1999 dated October 7, 1999.

To extend the reach in support of national development, UPI should be able to stand alone and take part. This determination foster confidence in the ability he had. This determination gives confidence to the government that UPI has been able to stand up alone and be given greater responsibility. With this belief, through the Government Regulation no. 6 in 2004. UPI given autonomy and the Higher Education State Owned Legal Entity (PT BHMN)

Development and improvement of UPI is not only academically oriented, but also in various fields, including the establishment of concepts and development plans. Through the help of Islamic Development Bank (IDB) is currently designing and managing the construction of campus buildings are magnificent, modern and representative to support teaching and learning activities. Capitalize the capabilities of the University of Education Indonesia was determined to make it the leading educational institutions and the University Pioneers and Excellence (A Leading and Outstanding University).
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